Mining is a very hard and risky sector that includes domino effect risks in any adverse event and requires knowledge, experience, proficiency and continuous auditing, and it is very hard and risky. Turkey has not signed International Labour Organization (ILO) contract number 176 yet*. This contract is named the 1995 Safety and Health in Mines Convention, and the safe and healthy working conditions are set, and obligations are listed. The most important mistakes are made because these national and international rules and regulations are not carried out. In this chapter, these mistakes are elaborated, and suggestions are made.