Iniencephaly and long-term survival: a rare case report

Hamit Aytar M. H. , Dogulu F., Cemil B., Ergun E., Kurt G., Baykaner K.

CHILDS NERVOUS SYSTEM, vol.23, no.6, pp.719-721, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00381-007-0309-6
  • Title of Journal : CHILDS NERVOUS SYSTEM
  • Page Numbers: pp.719-721
  • Keywords: iniencephaly, congenital malformations, neural tube defect, survival, rachischisis, hydrocephaly


Introduction Iniencephaly, a neural tube defect involving occiput and inion and combined with rachischisis of the cervical, thoracic spine, and retroflexion position of the head is a very rare congenital abnormality of the fetus-newborn with a 0.1-10 of 10,000 prevalence. This abnormality's prognosis is thought to be dismal. This abnormality can be associated with other abnormalities such as anencephaly, encephalocele, hydrocephalus, cyclopia, absence of the mandible, cleft lip and palate, cardiovascular disorders, diaphragmatic hernia, renal abnormalities, overgrowth of the arms compared to the legs, and club food and gastrointestinal atresia.