Iniencephaly and long-term survival: a rare case report

Hamit Aytar M. H., Dogulu F., Cemil B., Ergun E., Kurt G., Baykaner K.

CHILDS NERVOUS SYSTEM, vol.23, no.6, pp.719-721, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00381-007-0309-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.719-721
  • Keywords: iniencephaly, congenital malformations, neural tube defect, survival, rachischisis, hydrocephaly
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction Iniencephaly, a neural tube defect involving occiput and inion and combined with rachischisis of the cervical, thoracic spine, and retroflexion position of the head is a very rare congenital abnormality of the fetus-newborn with a 0.1-10 of 10,000 prevalence. This abnormality's prognosis is thought to be dismal. This abnormality can be associated with other abnormalities such as anencephaly, encephalocele, hydrocephalus, cyclopia, absence of the mandible, cleft lip and palate, cardiovascular disorders, diaphragmatic hernia, renal abnormalities, overgrowth of the arms compared to the legs, and club food and gastrointestinal atresia.