PurposeThe present study aimed to compare the physical and psychosocial conditions of adolescents with pectus excavatum (PE) and pectus carinatum (PC), who had mild-severe deformities, with those of healthy controls (HC).Methods This study included 180 adolescents (aged 10–18 years) with pectus deformity [PE (n = 90) and PC (n = 90)] and 90 age-matched HC. The following parameters were evaluated for each participant: clinical parameters, perceived appearance of the chest area (PAC), physical functions (grip strength, flexibility, muscle strength, endurance, physical activity), posture, psychosocial conditions, and quality of life (QOL).ResultsPatients with PE and PC had a lower body weight, a worse, a poorer posture, lower scores for physical functions compared to the HC group (p < 0.001, all). The PE group had lower scores (p < 0.05) for some psychosocial conditions and quality of life subscales compared to the HC and PC (except for the QOL) group (p < 0.05). The PC group had a poorer posture compared to the PE group (p < 0.05). PAC was associated with physical functions and psychosocial status (r = 0.19–0.40, p < 0.05) but pectus severity was not associated with these parameters (r = 0.02–0.12, p > 0.05).Conclusion Our results indicate that all adolescents with mild, moderate, or severe pectus deformity should undergo a biopsychosocial evaluation, receive psychosocial support, and be referred for physiotherapy.