European Journal Of Ophthalmology, vol.15, no.3, pp.324-328, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)
This study was designed to determine the relationship between central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) measured by applanation tonometer in glaucomatous, ocular hypertensive, and normal eyes.
A total of 125 subjects were included in the study. Twenty-six had primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), 25 had pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXG), 24 had ocular hypertension (OHT), and 50 of them were normal. IOP values were measured by Goldmann applanation tonometer whereas CCT values were measured by ultrasonic pachymeter.
CCT values in the OHT group (595.75+/-22.52 microm) were greater than the CCT values of the POAG group (539.92+/-21.50 microm), the PXG group (526.28+/-31.73 microm), and the normal group (533.96+/-29.25 microm) (p<0.05). Eight patients who were diagnosed with OHT showed IOP values of 21 mm Hg or lower with corrected IOP values according to CCT.
Increased CCT may lead to falsely high values of IOP measured with Goldmann applanation tonometer. In this study, when IOP values of the OHT group were redefined according to the formulae regarding the CCT, the authors noted that one third of them were normal. Determination of the CCT in OHT cases is crucial since it has great impact on IOP values, measured with applanation tonometer, which is the main parameter in the diagnosis and follow-up of glaucoma.