JOURNAL OF TROPICAL PEDIATRICS, cilt.61, ss.74-77, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Cardiac rhabdomyoma is the most common primary cardiac tumor, is considered to be a hamartoma of developing cardiac myocytes. Cardiac rhabdomyoma is associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) in 50-86% of cases. Mutations in TSC-1/TSC-2 genes result in increased mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway activation responsible for the hamartomatous lesions of tuberous sclerosis complex. Therapy with mTOR inhibitors is currently under investigation as a treatment option for tumors associated with TSC. In this report we present a case with multiple symptomatic rhabdomyomas associated with tuberous sclerosis complex, deemed to be ineligible for surgical removal, treated with everolimus (mTOR inhibitor). Conclusion: As we observed in our patient, in cases with inoperable symptomatic rhabdomyomas associated with TSC, everolimus, an mTOR inhibitor, may be the treatment of choice, which should be confirmed with additional studies.