Value of C-Reactive Protein/Albumin Ratio in Predicting the Development of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Patients With Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Satilmis S., Karabulut A.

ANGIOLOGY, vol.71, no.4, pp.366-371, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0003319719898057
  • Title of Journal : ANGIOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.366-371


Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) accounts for about 10% of all hospital-acquired acute kidney injury. We aimed to assess the role of the combination of 2 inflammatory biomarkers, the C-reactive protein (CRP)/albumin ratio (CAR), in the development of CIN after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Patients with NSTEMI (n = 205) treated by PCI were classified according to the development of CIN. Both groups were compared according to clinical, laboratory, and demographic characteristics, including inflammatory biomarkers and specifically, CAR. Contrast-induced nephropathy was observed in 10.2% of patients. More advanced age, the presence of diabetes and dyslipidemia, left ventricular ejection fraction, and CAR correlated with the development of CIN. Analysis also showed a significant association between CAR and the development of CIN (CAR in CIN (+): 8.54 +/- 8.48, range: 0.7-32, median: 7.13 vs CAR in CIN (-): 2.36 +/- 3.01, range: 0.1-24, median: 1.33, P < .001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed the impact of CAR on the development of CIN (odds ratio: 1.244, 95% confidence interval: 1.102; 1.392, P < .01). We conclude that CAR, as a combination of 2 inflammatory biomarkers, is a more accurate predictor of CIN development compared with the single-marker assessment of albumin and CRP in the context of NSTEMI.