Phytochemical investigations on the EtOH extract of Clematis viticella led to the isolation of six flavonoid glycosides, isoorientin (1), isoorientin 3 '-O-methyl ether (2), quercetin 7-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranoside (3), quercetin 3,7-di-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranoside (4), manghaslin (5) and chrysoeriol 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (6), one phenylethanol derivative, hydroxytyrosol (7), along with three phenolic acids, caffeic acid (8), (E)-p-coumaric acid (9) and p-hydroxybenzoic acid (10). The structures of the isolates were elucidated on the basis of NMR and HR-MS data. All compounds were isolated from C. viticella for the first time. Compounds 7 and 8 showed significant anti-inflammatory activity at 100 mu M by reducing the release of NO in LPS-stimulated macrophages comparable to positive control indomethacin. Compounds 3 and 7 exhibited anti-inflammatory activity through lowering the levels of TNF-alpha while 1, 3 and 5 decreased the levels of neopterin better than the positive controls.