Objectives: To define ultrastructural features accompanying to antitumor effects of gemcitabine, vinorelbine and cyclooxygenase inhibitors in C6 glioma cells in vitro. Vinorelbine is a semisynthetic vinca alkaloid and recent studies showed its antitumor activity in pediatric optic and pontine gliomas. Vinorelbine infusion induces a severe tumor site-pain in systemic cancers, but it is unknown whether algesia and inflammation contribute to its antitumor effects. Gemcitabine is a nucleoside-chemotherapeutic which was recently shown to act as a radiosensitizer in high-grade glioma. Some studies showed synergism of anti-inflammatory cyclooxygenase-inhibitors with microtubule inhibitors and gemcitabine. DMSO is a solvent and blocks both cylooxygenase and ribonucleotide reductase, another target of gemcitabine. Rofecoxib is withdrawn from the market, yet we used it for investigational purposes, since it blocks cylooxygenase-2 1000-times more potently than cylooxygenase-1 and is also a selective inhibitor of crinophagy.