JOURNAL OF RECEPTORS AND SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION, vol.40, no.6, pp.521-530, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
Hypoxia induces cell death through excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium (Ca2+) influx in cells and TRPM2 cation channel is activated by oxidative stress. Zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), and glutathione (GSH) have antioxidant properties in several cells and hypoxia-induced TRPM2 channel activity, ROS and cell death may be inhibited by the Zn, Se, and GSH treatments. We investigated effects of Zn, Se, and GSH on lipid peroxidation (LPO), cell cytotoxicity and death through inhibition of TRPM2 channel activity in transfected HEK293 cells exposed to hypoxia defined as oxygen deficiency. We induced four groups as normoxia 30 and 60 min evaluated as control groups, hypoxia 30 and 60 min in the HEK293 cells. The cells were separately pre-incubated with extracellular Zn (100 mu M), Se (150 nM) and GSH (5 mM). Cytotoxicity was evaluated by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and the LDH and LPO levels were significantly higher in the hypoxia-30 and 60 min-exposed cells according to normoxia 30 and 60 min groups. Furthermore, we found that the LPO and LDH were decreased in the hypoxia-exposed cells after being treated with Zn, Se, and GSH according to the hypoxia groups. Compared to the normoxia groups, the current densities of TRPM2 channel were increased in the hypoxia-exposed cells by the hypoxia applications, while the same values were decreased in the treatment of Zn, Se, and GSH according to hypoxia group. In conclusion, hypoxia-induced TRPM2 channel activity, ROS and cell death were recovered by the Se, Zn and GSH treatments.