Searching f(o)r Copy Number Changes in Nonsyndromic X-Linked Intellectual Disability

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Utine G. E., Kiper P. O., ALANAY Y., Haliloglu G., Aktas D., BODUROĞLU O. K., ...More

MOLECULAR SYNDROMOLOGY, vol.2, no.2, pp.64-71, 2011 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000334289
  • Page Numbers: pp.64-71
  • Keywords: MECP2, Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, TM4SF2/TSPAN7, X-linked nonsyndromic intellectual disability
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: Yes


Intellectual disability (ID) has a prevalence of 2-3% with 0.3% of the population being severely retarded. Etiology is heterogeneous, owing to numerous genetic and environmental factors. Underlying etiology remains undetermined in 75-80% of mildly disabled patients and 20-50% of those severely disabled. Twelve percent of all ID is thought to be X-linked (XLID). This study covers copy number analysis of some of the known XLID genes, using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in 100 nonsyndromic patients. One of the patients was found to have duplication in all exons of MECP2 gene, and another had duplication in the fifth exon of TM4SF2/TSPAN7 gene. Affymetrix (R) 6.0 whole-genome SNP microarray confirmed the duplication in MECP2 and showed duplication of exons 2-7 in TM4SF2/TSPAN7, respectively. MECP2 duplication has recently been recognized as a syndromic cause of XLID in males, whereas duplications in TM4SF2/TSPAN7 are yet to be determined as a cause of XLID. Being an efficient, rapid, easy-to-perform, easy-to-interpret, and cost-effective method of copy number analysis of specific DNA sequences, MLPA presents wide clinical utility and may be included in diagnostic workup of ID, particularly when microarrays are unavailable as a first-line approach. Copyright (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel