The Republican Forum with International Participation: Medicine and Education, Role of A Woman Devoted to the 300-Year Anniversary of the Birthday of Salomeya Regina Rusetskaya Belarusian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education (BELMAPO) in collaboration with EU and UNESCO, Minsk, Belarus, 5 - 07 December 2019
The Republican Forum with International Participation: Medicine and Education, Role of A Woman Devoted to the 300-Year Anniversary of the Birthday of Salomeya Regina Rusetskaya
Belarusian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education (BELMAPO)
in collaboration with EU and UNESCO
Belarus- Minsk, 5-7 December 2019
The Exemplary Story of a Pioneering Pediatrist in Turkey
Dr. Safiye Ali Krekeller (1894-1952)
a historical perspective, long way to go
Yesim Isil Ulman (*)
Recent studies in the history of medicine have shown that the modern healthcare services of reproduction, mother and child health and newborn care date back to the second half of the 19th, and to the first decades of the 20th century in Turkey. Institutionalization of the contemporary scientific medicine was in the making at this crucial historical turning point in the country that paved the way for modern healthcare services to become widespread in the society. It is remarkably important to mention, in this striking process, about the achivements of Prof. Dr. Besim Omer Pasha (1861-1940) who opened the first Maternity Hospital (Viladethane) within the School of Medicine in Istanbul in 1894, and conducted the teaching and training of modern obstetrics, gyneacology and midwifery in the School.
One of the great many young people he supported in the professional career was Dr. Safiye Ali (1894-1952) who had been one of the first female physicians in Turkey. Dr. Safiye Ali Krekeller graduated from Würzburg School of Medicine in Germany on Ottoman State’s account, and turned back to country in 1921. She worked at the Drop of Milk (Sut Damlasi) Offices, the brand new mother and child healthcare clinics at the time which rendered not only curative but also population based preventive medical service. This study aims at introducing briefly the main features of Viladethane (Maternity Ward) and Sut Damlasi (Children Primary Healthcare Service) by giving emphasis both on their role as pioneering institutions and also on their approach that gave priority to public healthcare in Turkey.
By her education, services in pediatric and maternal healthcare, pioneering duties and professional conduct, Dr. Safiye Ali sets example for many women pursuant of her goals to serve humanity equally and fairly with men.
Key words: Women in healthcare, Pediatric and maternal health services, history of medicine, Turkey Glass ceiling
Acknowledgement: National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Belarusian Academy of Post Graduate Education, Republican Center of Bioethics, Prof. Dr. Valerya Skolchick, Prof. Dziana Petrushkevich – Hourou, Prof. Evgeniya Kuznetzova
(*) Prof. Dr., Acibadem Univ. School of Medicine, History of Medicine & Ethics Dept. Istanbul