CLASSIFICATION OF SCHIZOPHRENIA USING SVM VIA fNIRS


Dadgostar M., Setarehdan S. K. , Shahzadi S., Akin A.

BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING-APPLICATIONS BASIS COMMUNICATIONS, cilt.30, 2018 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 30 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.4015/s1016237218500084
  • Dergi Adı: BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING-APPLICATIONS BASIS COMMUNICATIONS

Özet

In the present study, a classification of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) based on support vector machine (SVM) is presented. It is a non-invasive method monitoring human brain function by evaluating the concentration variation of oxy-hemoglobin and deoxy-hemoglobin. fNIRS is a functional optical imaging technology that measures the neural activities and hemodynamic responses in brain. The data were gathered from 11 healthy volunteers and 16 schizophrenia of the same average age by a 16-channel fNIRS (NIROXCOPE 301 system developed at the Neuro-Optical Imaging Laboratory, continuous-wave dual wavelength). Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that is characterized by mental processing collapse and weak emotional responses. This mental disorder is usually accompanied by a serious disturbance in social and occupational activities. The signals were initially preprocessed by DWT to remove any systemic physiological impediment. A preliminary examination by the genetic algorithm (GA) suggested that some channels of the recreated fNIRS signals required further investigation. The energy of these recreated channel signals was computed and utilized for signal arrangement. We used SVM-based classifier to determine the cases of schizophrenia. The result of six channels is higher than 16 channels. The results demonstrated a classification precision of about 87% in the discovery of schizophrenia in the healthy subjects.