Academic radiology, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)
Article / Article
Title of Journal :
Purpose: Our research aims to compare the efficacy of PET and MRI for lymph node metastasis and extraprostatic extension in cases with newly diagnosed prostate cancer undergoing radical prostatectomy with extended pelvic lymph node dissection.
Methods: Thirty-nine cases who underwent radical prostatectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection between June 2015 and January 2020 were included in the study. Patients with gallium (ga-68 Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET) PSMA PET-CT and multiparametric (mp) prostate MRI performed according to PIRADS v2 criteria in our clinic were included.
Results: The extraprostatic extension was observed in 16 cases. The sensitivity of MR in detecting extracapsular invasion was calculated as 56.2%, specificity 82.6%, positive predictive value (PPV) 69.2%, negative predictive value (NPV) 73.0%. The sensitivity of PET was 62.5%, specificity 60.8%, PPV 52.6%, NPV 70%. Eleven lymph node metastases were observed in nine cases. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of metastatic lymph node detection were; 36.3%, 99.6%, 57.1%, 99.0% for MRI and; 18.1%, 99.4%, 33.3%, 98.8% for PET CT, respectively.
Conclusion: Mp prostate MRI showed low sensitivity and high specificity compared to PSMA PET CT in extracapsular invasion evaluation. The sensitivity of both modalities in the detection of metastatic lymph nodes was low.