Laparoscopic and imaging findings of growing teratoma syndrome


TAŞKIN S., Turgay B., ŞÜKÜR Y. E. , Ortac F.

JOURNAL OF THE TURKISH-GERMAN GYNECOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, vol.22, no.2, pp.158-160, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.4274/jtgga.galenos.2020.2019.0034
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF THE TURKISH-GERMAN GYNECOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
  • Page Numbers: pp.158-160

Abstract

Growing teratoma syndrome (GTS) occurs during post-treatment observation of ovarian malignant germ cell tumors. The characteristic features of this syndrome are normal tumor marker levels and evident tumoral mass or implants on imaging studies. We report a case of GTS in a 22-year-old woman with a malignant germ cell tumor. After staging surgery and chemotherapy, computed tomography showed peritoneal implants. Laparoscopy was planned to exclude malignant recurrence. During laparoscopy, smooth and pink-colored lesions were seen at the lateral pelvic wall. Histopathologic evaluation reported mature teratoma tissue with extensive mature glial components. GTS is not a malignant condition and the benefit of radical surgical intervention in cases without mass-related complication is not proven. GTS should be kept in mind after primary treatment of ovarian immature teratoma.