3D cellular alignment and biomimetic mechanical stimulation enhance human adipose-derived stem cell myogenesis

Ergene E., Bilecen D. S. , KAYA B., HURİ P., HASIRCI V. N.

BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, vol.15, no.5, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1748-605x/ab95e2
  • Title of Journal : BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS
  • Keywords: adipose-derived stem cell, skeletal muscle, myogenesis, cyclic strain, dynamic culture, TISSUE, DIFFERENTIATION, REGENERATION, SCAFFOLDS, DELIVERY, SYSTEM


Determination of a stem cell source with sufficient myogenic differentiation capacity that can be easily obtained in large quantities is of great importance in skeletal muscle regeneration therapies. Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are readily available, can be isolated from fat tissue with high yield and possess myogenic differentiation capacity. Consequently, ASCs have high applicability in muscle regenerative therapies. However, a key challenge is their low differentiation efficiency. In this study, we have explored the potential of mimicking the natural microenvironment of the skeletal muscle tissue to enhance ASC myogenesis by inducing 3D cellular alignment and using dynamic biomimetic culture. ASCs were entrapped and 3D aligned in parallel within fibrin-based microfibers and subjected to uniaxial cyclic stretch. 3D cell alignment was shown to be necessary for achieving and maintaining the stiffness of the construct mimicking the natural tissue (12 +/- 1 kPa), where acellular aligned fibers and cell-laden random fibers had stiffness values of 4 +/- 1 and 5 +/- 2 kPa, respectively, at the end of 21 d. The synergistic effect of 3D cell alignment and biomimetic dynamic culture was evaluated on cell proliferation, viability and the expression of muscle-specific markers (immunofluorescent staining for MyoD1, myogenin, desmin and myosin heavy chain). It was shown that the myogenic markers were only expressed on the aligned-dynamic culture samples on day 21 of dynamic culture. These results demonstrate that 3D skeletal muscle grafts can be developed using ASCs by mimicking the structural and physiological muscle microenvironment.