Effects of single-shot and twin-shot shockwaves on urinary enzyme concentrations

Cevik I., Ozveren B. , Ilcol Y., Ilker Y., Emerk K., Akdas A.

JOURNAL OF ENDOUROLOGY, cilt.13, sa.6, ss.403-408, 1999 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 13 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 1999
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1089/end.1999.13.403
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.403-408


Background and Objective: Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) remains the first-line treatment of urinary calculi, However, a number of studies have shown that adverse effects on the kidneys and the surrounding tissues may be encountered in short- and long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of single-shot and twin-shot SWL techniques to identify the safest modality in terms of urinary enzyme excretion.