Effects of single-shot and twin-shot shockwaves on urinary enzyme concentrations

Cevik I., Ozveren B. , Ilcol Y., Ilker Y., Emerk K., Akdas A.

JOURNAL OF ENDOUROLOGY, vol.13, no.6, pp.403-408, 1999 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/end.1999.13.403
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ENDOUROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.403-408


Background and Objective: Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) remains the first-line treatment of urinary calculi, However, a number of studies have shown that adverse effects on the kidneys and the surrounding tissues may be encountered in short- and long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of single-shot and twin-shot SWL techniques to identify the safest modality in terms of urinary enzyme excretion.