11th Annual European College of Sports Science Congress, Lausanne, Switzerland, 5 - 08 July 2006, pp.1321
Rowing is increasingly popular in Turkey. There is a lack of information dealing with the profile of common injuries in Turkish rowers.The purpose of this study was to analyze all injuries occuring in a population of elite Turkish rowers to determine their frequency and location of injury. A total 135 elite rowers (106 male, 29 female) participated in the study. Data were collected with a questionnaire named nordic questionnaire for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms during 2002-2003 race season. The injuries were classified according to the anatomical location of the injury, the mean time lost from employment or training due to injury, and the age of the rower. Correlations between incidence of injury and age, rowing experience, sex, weekly training hour, and boat type were determined by Chi-square test. This study shows that the commonest site of injury in male are lumbar spine (54.7 %) knee (32.1 %), wrist/hands (26.4 %), shoulder (24.5 %) and ankle/foot (16.0 %). The commonest site of injury in female are lumbar spine (48.3 %), knee (37.9 %), wrist/hands (31.0 %), shoulder (24.1 %) and ankle/foot (10.3 %). The most frequent time lost from employment or training due to low back pain was 1-7 days (for male 20.8 % and for female 27.6 %). It has been determined that as long as chronological and training age increased, injury frequency had decreased significantly on all over regions (p <0,01), and injury frequency of men has been detected as higher than that of women on the shoulder, wrist/hand, knee and ankle/foot areas(p <0,01). It has been found that there was a positive correlation between the boat type and the injury frequency(p <0,01). The highest frequency of injury has been observed in teh 4X class type rowers in all areas. It has also been found that there was a positive correlation between the weekly training hour and the frequency of injury. The more advanced training hour, the higher frequency of injury has been detected.
The present study suggests that there is a high incidence of injury in Turkish rowers, and that most injuries are low back pain and discomfort. This study also confirmed that low back injuries are a significant problem in rowers.
Rowing, Injury, Nordic questionnaire