Purpose: To demonstrate a novel frozen section analysis technique during robot assisted radical prostatectomy with 2 distinct advantages: evaluation of the entire circumference and easier reconstruction for whole mount evaluation.
Material And Methods: Istanbul Preserve was performed on patients who underwent robotic prostatectomy with nerve sparing between 10/2014 and 7/2016. Gland was sectioned at 3-4mm intervals from apex to bladder neck. Entire tissue representing margins (except for the most anterior portion) was circumferentially excised and microscopically analyzed. In margin positivity, approach was individualized based on extent of positive margin and Gleason pattern. A matched cohort was established for comparison. Retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database was performed. Impact of FSA on PSM rate was primarily assessed.
Results: Data on 170 patients was analyzed. Positive surgical margin was reported in 56(33%) on frozen section. Neurovascular bundle was partially or totally resected in 79% and 18%. Conversion of positive margin to negative was achieved in 85%. Overall positive margin rate decreased from 22.5% to 7.5%. Nerve sparing increased from 87% to 93%. Location of positive margin at frozen was at the neurovascular bundle area in 39%; thus Istanbul Preserve detected 61% additional margin positivity compared to other techniques. Reconstruction for whole mount was easy.
Conclusion: Istanbul Preserve is a novel technique for intraoperative FSA during RARP allowing for microscopic examination of the entire prostate for margin status and easy re-construction for whole mount examination. It guarantees safer margins together with increased rate of nerve sparing.