The cognitive dynamics of small-sooner over large-later preferences during temporal discounting task through event-related oscillations (EROs)


Guleken Z., Sutcubasi B. , Metin B.

NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA, vol.162, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 162
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2021.108046
  • Title of Journal : NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA
  • Keywords: Intertemporal decision, EEG, Event-related oscillations, Delta, Theta, Beta, WORKING-MEMORY, THETA, DELTA, RETRIEVAL, RESPONSES, HUMANS, DELAY

Abstract

Event-related oscillations (ERO) may provide a useful tool for the identification of cognitive processes during economic decisions. In the present study, we investigate peak-to-peak amplitude of task event-related oscillations of healthy subjects during delay discounting task. The study included forty-seven consecutive volunteers with mean 22 age- and matched education and socioeconomic condition. We used two temporal discounting (TD) tasks: the first was used to find individual indifference points for a set of delays and in the second, we recorded EEG as the participants made now vs delay decisions for the indifferent options. The EEG activity were recorded from 24 electrodes placed on the head surface according to the international 10-20 system. EEG activity for each choice (now and future) was averaged separately. The ERO responses were calculated for delta, theta, alpha and beta bands by the peak-to-peak measures. After Bonferroni correction, we found a significant effect of the decision process on the left frontal theta, left centroparietal delta, and frontoparietal beta oscillations. These were significantly greater during future decisions compared to now condition. These results indicate that a widespread frontoparietal network is implicated during delay discounting.