Severe blunt perineal trauma in children: a retrospective analysis of 28 patients


Sogut O., Boleken M. E. , Cevik M. , Yavuz G.

HONG KONG JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, cilt.18, ss.316-323, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 18 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/102490791101800508
  • Dergi Adı: HONG KONG JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.316-323

Özet

Purpose: The current study was designed to determine the common mechanisms of blunt perineal trauma (BPI) and associated injuries in paediatric patient. The initial management and outcome concerning such injuries are discussed. Materials and methods: The hospital records of 28 paediatric patients who were treated surgically between April 2004 and November 2010 because of BPI were reviewed retrospectively. The initial clinical examination under conscious sedation (EUCS) in each patient was performed by both an experienced emergency physician and a paediatric surgeon to obtain a complete physical examination. Results: Among the 28 paediatric patients, twenty-two girls and six boys, aged 2 to 12 years experienced BPI. Fall onto a rough surface was the main cause for BPI in 21 patients (75%) and the rest had a motor vehicle-pedestrian crash. Five patients had concomitant anal or rectal injuries. There were concomitant urinary tract injuries in eight patients of whom three had combined lacerations or contusions of the perineum and disruption of the posterior urethra. There was concomitant complete rupture of proximal urethra from bladder in one patient. The remaining 4 patients with urinary tract injuries suffered from periurethral lacerations. The fifteen patients without anorectal or urethral injuries had concomitant vaginal or vulvar lacerations. Conclusion: All paediatric patients who sustained severe BPI should be checked for multi-system trauma and those undergone routine EUCS to evaluate the extent of concomitant injuries should pay particular attention to the anorectal and urogenital tracts. Primary repair of such injuries is often recommended as the initial treatment of choice. (Hong Kong j.emerg.med. 2011;18:316-323)