Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used systemically or locally in many chronic and nonhealing skin lesions in recent years. In this study, umbilical cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs)-seeded fibrin matrix was used as a wound dressing in pediatric patients with stage 4 acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD)-induced desquamated skin lesions. This is the first study in which the UC-MSCs-seeded fibrin matrix was used as a wound dressing in aGVHD. A total of 14 times the MSCs-seeded fibrin matrix were applied to 9 patients as a wound dressing. On the seventh day, epithelialization and clinical response were evaluated. According to the size of the skin defect min: 1, max: 6 pieces were applied at a time. After 48 to 72 hours, it was observed that all of the MSCs-seeded fibrin matrixes adhered to the skin and the crustation started in 6 (43%) applications, whereas liquefaction was detected under all of them in 7 (50%) applications. Complete response was obtained in 6 applications (43%), partial response in 1 (7%), and no response in 7 applications (50%). This study showed that the MSCs-seeded fibrin matrix can be used effectively and safely in the matrix in the local treatment of aGVHD-induced skin wounds in pediatric patients.