Psychosocial Caregiving Status and Proficiency of Intensive Care Nurses: A Descriptive and Correlational Study


Saygın Şahin B., Kutlu F. Y.

Türkiye Klinikleri Hemşirelik Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.16, no.2, pp.534-543, 2024 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

Abstract

Objective: Many psychosocial problems are observed in patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit, related to the disease, intensive care unit conditions and individual factors. Developing psy- chosocial problems cause delays in patients' recovery and prolongation of hospital stay. Accordingly holistic approach, nurses play a critical role in identifying and addressing their patients' psychosocial needs alongside their physical care. However, nurses are required to be pro- ficient to provide psychosocial care. To ascertain the psychosocial care- giving status and competence of intensive care nurses, a descriptive and correlational study methodology was used. Material and Methods: 100 intensive care nurses who worked in the intensive care unit made up the study's sample. Between March 25 and April 15, 2022, the In- dividual Characteristics Form and the Psychosocial Care Proficiency Self-Assessment Scale were used to gather the data through Google Forms. Using the SPSS for Windows 22.0 program, the Mann-Whitney U test, the Kruskal-Wallis test, and the Pearson's correlation test were used to analyse the data. Results: It was determined that the psy- chosocial care proficiencies of intensive care nurses were moderate, and there was no statistically significant difference between the nurses' individual characteristics and scale score averages.Conclusion: In this study, it was determined that the psychosocial care proficiencies of in- tensive care nurses were moderate. The psychosocial care proficiency of intensive care nurses is crucial for the quality of patient care. For this reason, it may be recommended to plan studies to identify prac- tices that support increasing the psychosocial care proficiencies of in- tensive care nurses.